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A History of Measures

by

Livio C. Stecchini

Why Study Metrology?

PART I: THE ANCIENT SYSTEM OF UNITS

The Origin of Metrics
The Problem of Lineal Standards
The Origin of English Measures
The Derivation of European Units

PART II: UNITS OF LENGTH

Roman and Egyptian Rules
Roman and Egyptian Foot
The Structure of Linear Units
Length in Relation to Volume & Weight
Dimensions of the Great Pyramid
Near-squares and Near-cubes
What Is Logistic?
Squaring the Circle
The Circumference of the Earth
The Circumscribed Circle

PART III: MEASURES OF GREECE

The Standard of the Heraion
The Use of Obeliskoi
Utensil-money
Cast Iron
Weighed Currency
Agio
“Pheidoneia Metra”

“Metra kai Stathma”
Euboic Mina
Palamedes
The Dedication of Delphoi
Two Archaic Balances
Homeric Currency
Iron Currency of the Celts
Athenian Standards
The Meaning of Nomisma
The Solonian Reform
The Hybrid System of Weights
Old and New Drachmae
Monetary Standards

PART IV: HEBREW MEASURES
They Have Eyes and Do Not See
Epiousios
PART V: MESOPOTAMIAN MEASURES
Introduction
Units of Length
Units of Volume and Weight
Stereometric Texts
Seeding Rates
PART VI: MUSIC AND POETRY
Appendix: Basic Structure

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